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About Big Cats


Tigers are the largest of the big cat species.

Tiger Classification:

Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Panthera
Species: Tigris

Habitat: Tigers are currently found in Asia, from India to the Russian Far East. Tigers inhabit areas with forest cover, water, and plentiful prey, these habitats can be tropical rainforests, oak forests, evergreen forests, woodlands, mangrove swamps, grasslands savannahs, and rocky country.

Tiger Species: There are currently nine subspecies of tiger, sadly three of which are now classified as extinct.


*Bali Tiger - Panthera Tigris Balica
Bengal Tiger - Panthera Tigris Tigris
*Caspian Tiger - Panthera Tigris Virgata
Indochinese Tiger - Panthera Tigris Corbetti
*Javan Tiger - Panthera Tigris Sondaica
Malayan Tiger - Panthera Tigris Jacksoni
Sumatran Tiger - Panthera Tigris Sumatrae
Siberian Tiger - Panthera Tigris Altaica
South China Tiger - Panthera Tigris Amoyensis


Size: Male tigers are larger than their female counterparts. Tigers are approximately 3-3.5 feet at the shoulder, they measure 4.6 - 9.2 feet in length with a 2-3 feet tail. The Siberian Tiger is the largest tiger subspecies weighing between 400-675 lbs. The Sumatran Tiger, is the smallest living tiger subspecies, weighing 220-310 lbs.

Conservation Status / Population:

Population Status

Bengal tiger: Less than 2,000
Indochinese tiger: 750-1,300
Siberian tiger: Around 450
Sumatran tiger: 400-500
Malayan tiger: 600-800
South Chinese tiger: Extinct in the wild
Caspian tiger: Extinct
Javan tiger: Extinct
Bali tiger: Extinct

Other Names for Tigers:

Tiger in Foreign Languages

Albanian: Tigri
Czech: Tygr
Danish: Tiger
Dutch: Tijger
Estonian: Tiiger
Finnish: Tiikeri
French: Tigre
German: Tiger
Middle High German: Tigertier
Old High German: Tigirtior / Tigritior
Greenlandic: Tiigeri
Hungarian: Tigris
Indonesian: Harimau / Macan
Irish: Tiogar
Italian: Tigr
Latin: Tigris
Latvian: Tigeris
Lithuanian: Tigras
Luxembourg: Tiger
Malay: Harimau
Manchu: Tasha
Navajo: Nashdoitsoh Noodo´Zigii
Norwegian: Tiger
Pali: Byaggha
Polish: Tygrys
Portuguese: Tigre
Romanian: Tigru
Roman: Tigar
Slovakian: Tiger
Slovenian: Tiger
Spanish: Tigre
Sundanese: Lodaya
Swahili: Chui-milia
Swedish: Tiger
Tagalog: Tigre
Turkish: Kaplan
Turkmen: Gaplan
Uzbek: Yolbars
West Frisian: Tiger
Zulu: Ingwe

Diet: Tigers are carnivores, they will eat boar, cattle, deer,
Tigers are nocturnal hunting from dusk to dawn. They hunt by stalking their prey, and pouncing. Tigers will eat 33-40 lbs of meat per day.

Description: Tigers have a silky reddish-orange with dark stripes, the stripes act as camoflauge. Tigers less frequently can be also be black with tan stripes, all white (albino), or white and w tan stripes. Tigers have long retractable claws.

Behavior: Tigers are territorial and will use their claws to scratch the trees in their territory.

Birth: Tigers give birth to litters of 2-3 cubs at a time. The cubs are born blind and helpless.

Did You Know?
A tiger is successful only once in ten to 20 hunts.

Gestation: Tigers carry their young 100 to 112 days, for 100 to 112 days.

Cubs: Tiger cubs weigh approximately 2 lbs at birth. Tiger cubs will nurse up until 6 months of age, and they will stay with their mother up until the age of 2. Tiger cubs have a high mortality rate, it is estimated that only half of the cubs survive.

Did You Know?
A tiger's stripes are like fingerprints, all tigers have a unique striping pattern.

Sexual Maturity: Tigers are considered sexually mature between the ages of 3 to 6.

Life Span: Tigers live approximately 10-15 years in the wild. Tigers will live 20-25 years in captivity.

Social Structure: Tigers are solitary with the exception of a mother rearing young.

Athleticism: Tigers are athletic and agile able to stalk and attack large prey.



Conservation Status: Endangered and 3 species are extinct.

Population Status: There are an estimated 3,000-4,500 exist in the wild today.

Tiger Photo

Tiger Picture

Tiger Growl

Tiger Image

Stalking Tiger

Fighting Tigers
Resting Tiger

Vicious Tiger

White Tiger

Big Cat Gifts



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